In 2020, Kien Giang province strives to reach 85,000 MT of shrimp production, providing raw materials for processing and exports, with a total shrimp farming area of about 120,000 hectares.
Accordingly, the Department of Agriculture and Rural Development of Kien Giang draws up a stocking schedule for the brackish water shrimp that is suitable for each ecological region in the province. Specifically, seasonal schedule for tiger shrimp - rice production in U Minh Thuong region; stocking schedule for black tiger shrimp along the Cai Lon river in the west of Hau river and in coastal areas of Hon Dat - Kien Luong - Ha Tien - Giang Thanh ; schedule for industrial - semi-industrial shrimp farming; schedule for improved extensive farming, shrimp - forests; schedule for giant freshwater shrimp farming intercropped with rice.
In addition, Kien Giang province has cooperated with other provinces to closely monitor the quality of the imported shrimp seeds into province according to the signed agreement. Functional departments of province have performed well the work of monitoring, alerting the environment and epidemics to promptly inform farmers; synchronously implementing measures to prevent and control aquatic epidemics. The authority has guided people to register for raising black tiger shrimp and whiteleg shrimp in order to be granted rearing establishment's code according to regulations. Building a model of shrimp production chains to ensure anti-disease and food safety for export.
Kien Giang's fisheries sector authority has organized training, seminars to disseminate the seasonal schedule, guide technical solutions of brackish shrimp farming for farmers and businesses in order to curb the occurrence of harmful diseases, ensure safety, sustainability and enhance high economic efficiency. In particular, focusing on guiding shrimp farmers to design and renovate shrimp ponds properly and technically, be able to cope with prolonged hot and dry conditions. Specilized authority has instructed farmers to apply the 2-stage shrimp farming process suitable for the shrimp - rice, extensive - improved extensive shrimp farming model to minimize risks, enhance survival rate and productivity.
According to the Department of Agriculture and Rural Development of Kien Giang, in 2019 the brackish shrimp farming area of province was 127,876 ha, shrimp production reached 82,726 MT, exceeding 8.8% of the plan, up 11.5% compared to 2018.
Farmed shrimp production surpassed the plan due to favorable weather and less disease. Industrial shrimp farming establishments in the province have invested in expanding the scale of farming, applying advanced science and technology to farming process to improve productivity, safety, sustainability and efficiency. Shrimp farmers gradually shift from industrial shrimp farming to 2-stage industrial shrimp farming, accounting for about 70-80% of the industrial shrimp farming area. This model is bringing high economic efficiency with the productivity of 10 - 15 MT/ha. In addition, shrimp farmers has intercropped some species such as tiger shrimp, whiteleg shrimp, giant freshwater shrimp and fish that brought high efficiency. Therefore, farmers have invested in increasing farming area, resulting in increasing productivity and shrimp production. Futhermore, famers have invested in industrial shrimp farming - semi-industrial in the Long Xuyen Quadrangle.